Hypothyroidism (Low Thyroid)-symptoms and management
Women in the age group of 20-40 often come at the clinic with report of low thyroid levels.
thyroid is a gland which lies in the neck region
hypothyroidism is often identified by low levels of T3, T4 and raised TSH
the patients often ask me what a low level of the thyroid means. For this is important to know what is the function thyroid hormone usually performs in the body.
Causes of hypothyroism?
- iodine deficiency, commonly seen in the Himalayan belt in India
- Atrophic thyroiditis
- after surgery for thyroid cancer
- autoimmune disorder
- radiation to neck
Functions of thyroid
- growth of the bones and muscles
- growth in height of a person
- maintains body metabolism
- synthesis of protein in body
- brain activity is stimulated
- also regulates the menstrual cycle with an indirect effect
thus basically thyroid is a hormone is an anabolic hormone. the deficiency can cause many symptoms
what are symptoms of hypothyroidism?
- swelling in the neck
- excess weight gain with loss of appetite
- disturbances in menses
- difficulty in conceiving in females
- skin thickening
- intolerance to cold
- hair loss
- changes in voice as the neck swelling compresses the vocal cords
- raised cholesterol
Treatment of thyroid
it consists of replacement of hormone with drugs. It also requires a regular monitoring with lab tests for T3, T4 and TSH every 3-6 months
maintaining a regular level of hormones helps in ease out the symptoms helps prevent the complications
During pregnancy too it is essential to maintain a normal level of the hormones. This helps improve the outcome for the mother and the baby.
Food in hypothyroidism?
- intake of iodised salt in adequate amount in diet is essential.
- intake of cabbage, cauliflower, sprouts to be reduced
Yoga beneficial for hypothyroidism?
- Shoulder Stand (Sarvangasana) is the most recommended posture in this condition. It stimulates the thyroid gland to function properly because of the pressure effect and also helps stimulate other glands in the head region, such as pituitary and pineal glands, which also have an indirect control on the functioning of the thyroid gland.
- Inverted Pose (Viparitakarani)
- One-legged Forward Bend (Janu Shirasasana)
- Fish Pose (Matsyasana)
- Plow Pose (Halasana)
- Cat Stretch (Marjariasana)
- Fast-paced Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar) can work well for controlling weight.
Besides these yoga postures, the practice of pranayamas (breathing techniques) such asKapal Bhati (skull shining breathing technique), Nadi Shodhan (alternate nostril breathing),Bhastrika and Ujjayi breathing work well in reducing hypothyroidism symptoms
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